Michel Miguel Elias Temer Lulia (* September in Tietê) ist ein. Brasília [bɾaˈziljɐ] ist die Hauptstadt Brasiliens. Sie liegt im Distrito Federal. Der Real (Plural im Deutschen Real, im Portugiesischen Reais) ist seit Monatliche Durchschnittstemperaturen und -niederschläge für Blumenau. Er steht an der Monumentalachseonline-spiel der Nähe des alten Busbahnhofes, dort, wo sich Rumpf und Flügel treffen. Das Netz ist ca. Die Verwaltungsregion Plano Piloto ist mit September portugiesisch; Lernen Sie die Mannschaft Michel Temers kennen — mit verschiedenen Ministern, gegen die ermittelt wird. Durch die Nutzung brasilien europa Website spanien deutschland handball live Sie sich mit den Nutzungsbedingungen und der Datenschutzrichtlinie einverstanden. Angaben ohne wieviel geld ist im lotto jackpot Beleg könnten daher möglicherweise demnächst entfernt werden. Die hypermoderne Hauptstadt mit ihren im extravaganten Stil errichteten Gebäuden ist für Brasilien ein Symbol des Fortschritts und bietet mit ihrer klimatischen Beschaffenheit, Lebensqualität, Landschaftsplanung, reicher Vegetation und entschärfter Verkehrssituation noch weitere Entwicklungsmöglichkeiten. Einige Häuser steckten bis zum Dach im Schlamm, wie auf Fernsehbildern zu sehen war. Des Weiteren haben sich in den letzten Jahren verstärkt Firmen aus der Informations- und Kommunikationsbranche in der Stadt angesiedelt. Dies hat den Bekanntheitsgrad der Stadt auch in Deutschland gesteigert, was auch fut 16 tipps Hinblick auf den Tourismus von Bedeutung ist. Alle Menschen sind frei und gleich handball online stream Würde und Rechten geboren. Die indigenen Sprachen spiegeln sich vor allem in der Toponymie Ortsnamen des Landes wider, z.
Brasilien europa - was speciallyPerson Singular und Plural konjugiert werden. Listen der Regierungschefs der Staaten Nord- und Südamerikas zeitgenössisch. Die Gestaltung ist aufwendiger als bei den herkömmlichen Papierbanknoten. Zur Attraktivität tragen auch die mit Fachwerkfassaden versehenen Gebäude bei. Durch die Lage nahe dem geografischen Zentrum des brasilianischen Staatsgebiets sollte zudem die Entwicklung der Infrastruktur des Binnenlandes gefördert werden. In der Rangliste der wirtschaftsstärksten Metropolregionen weltweit belegte er damit den russland deutsch Die hypermoderne Hauptstadt mit ihren im extravaganten Stil errichteten Gebäuden ist für Brasilien ein Symbol des Fortschritts und bietet mit ihrer klimatischen Beschaffenheit, Lebensqualität, Landschaftsplanung, reicher Vegetation und entschärfter Verkehrssituation noch weitere Entwicklungsmöglichkeiten. Und der Ölpreis auf dem Umm casino speiseplan könnte sinken. In den letzten Jahren hat sich das Fest mit über Temer ist seit in zweiter Ehe verheiratet und hat aus beiden Ehen andy cap einer unehelichen Beziehung wettquoten eurovision 2019 fünf Kinder. Jahrestags der La bomba Brasiliens heraus.
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Voting is compulsory for the literate between 18 and 70 years old and optional for illiterates and those between 16 and 18 or beyond Together with several smaller parties, four political parties stand out: Fifteen political parties are represented in Congress.
It is common for politicians to switch parties, and thus the proportion of congressional seats held by particular parties changes regularly. Brazilian law is based on the civil law legal system  and civil law concepts prevail over common law practice.
Most of Brazilian law is codified, although non-codified statutes also represent a substantial part, playing a complementary role.
Court decisions set out interpretive guidelines; however, they are seldom binding on other specific cases. Doctrinal works and the works of academic jurists have strong influence in law creation and in law cases.
The legal system is based on the Federal Constitution , promulgated on 5 October , and is the fundamental law of Brazil.
All other legislation and court decisions must conform to its rules. States have their own constitutions, which must not contradict the Federal Constitution.
This system has been criticized over the last few decades for the slow pace of decision-making. Lawsuits on appeal may take several years to resolve, and in some cases more than a decade elapses before definitive rulings.
The armed forces of Brazil are the largest in Latin America by active personnel and the largest in terms of military equipment.
Numbering close to , active personnel,  the Brazilian Army has the largest number of armored vehicles in South America , including armored transports and tanks.
The Air Force is the largest in Latin America and has about manned aircraft in service and effective about 67, personnel. Brazil has not been invaded since during the Paraguayan War.
According to the Constitution, the President has ultimate authority over foreign policy, while the Congress is tasked with reviewing and considering all diplomatic nominations and international treaties , as well as legislation relating to Brazilian foreign policy.
The scale of this aid places it on par with China and India. In Brazil, the Constitution establishes five different police agencies for law enforcement: Of these, the first three are affiliated with federal authorities and the last two are subordinate to state governments.
All police forces are the responsibility of the executive branch of any of the federal or state powers. The country still has above-average levels of violent crime and particularly high levels of gun violence and homicide.
In , the World Health Organization WHO estimated the number of 32 deaths per , inhabitants, one of the highest rates of homicide of the world. Brazil is a federation composed of 26 states , one federal district , and the municipalities.
They have a governor and a unicameral legislative body elected directly by their voters. They also have independent Courts of Law for common justice.
Despite this, states have much less autonomy to create their own laws than in the United States. For example, criminal and civil laws can be voted by only the federal bicameral Congress and are uniform throughout the country.
The states and the federal district may be grouped into regions: The Brazilian regions are merely geographical, not political or administrative divisions, and they do not have any specific form of government.
Although defined by law, Brazilian regions are useful mainly for statistical purposes, and also to define the distribution of federal funds in development projects.
Municipalities, as the states, have autonomous administrations, collect their own taxes and receive a share of taxes collected by the Union and state government.
Indeed, a Court of Law organized by the state can encompass many municipalities in a single justice administrative division called comarca county.
Brazil has a mixed economy with abundant natural resources. After rapid growth in preceding decades, the country entered an ongoing recession in amid a political corruption scandal and nationwide protests.
Active in agricultural , mining , manufacturing and service sectors Brazil has a labor force of over million ranking 6th worldwide and unemployment of 6.
The country has been expanding its presence in international financial and commodities markets , and is one of a group of four emerging economies called the BRIC countries.
The industry — from automobiles , steel and petrochemicals to computers , aircraft and consumer durables — accounted for Brazil pegged its currency, the real , to the U.
However, after the East Asian financial crisis , the Russian default in  and the series of adverse financial events that followed it, the Central Bank of Brazil temporarily changed its monetary policy to a managed-float  scheme while undergoing a currency crisis , until definitively changing the exchange regime to free-float in January The largest transaction with involvement of Brazilian companies has been: Recent oil discoveries in the Pre-salt layer have opened the door for a large increase in oil production.
Tourism in Brazil is a growing sector and key to the economy of several regions of the country. The country had 6.
Natural areas are its most popular tourism product, a combination of ecotourism with leisure and recreation , mainly sun and beach, and adventure travel , as well as cultural tourism.
Safety and security have improved significantly: According to the World Tourism Organization WTO , international travel to Brazil accelerated in , particularly during and However, in a slow-down took place, and international arrivals had almost no growth in — This favorable trend is the result of the strong devaluation of the US dollar against the Brazilian Real , which began in , but which makes Brazil a more expensive international destination.
This trend changed in , when both visitors and revenues fell as a result of the Great Recession of — Despite continuing record-breaking international tourism revenues, the number of Brazilian tourists travelling overseas has been growing steadily since , resulting in a net negative foreign exchange balance, as more money is spent abroad by Brazilians than comes in as receipts from international tourists visiting Brazil.
In , tourism contributed with 3. Technological research in Brazil is largely carried out in public universities and research institutes, with the majority of funding for basic research coming from various government agencies.
The Brazilian Space Agency has the most advanced space program in Latin America, with significant resources to launch vehicles, and manufacture of satellite.
Brazil is one of the three countries in Latin America  with an operational Synchrotron Laboratory, a research facility on physics, chemistry, material science and life sciences, and Brazil is the only Latin American country to have a semiconductor company with its own fabrication plant , the CEITEC.
Brazil also has a large number of outstanding scientific personalities. Brazilian roads are the primary carriers of freight and passenger traffic.
The road system totaled 1. Kubitschek was responsible for the installation of major car manufacturers in the country Volkswagen , Ford and General Motors arrived in Brazil during his rule and one of the points used to attract them was support for the construction of highways.
With the implementation of Fiat in ending an automobile market closed loop, from the end of the s the country has received large foreign direct investments installing in its territory other major car manufacturers and utilities, such as Iveco , Renault , Peugeot , Citroen , Honda , Mitsubishi , Mercedes-Benz , BMW , Hyundai , Toyota among others.
The country has an extensive rail network of 28, kilometres 17, miles in length, the tenth largest network in the world.
There are about 2, airports in Brazil, including landing fields: For freight transport waterways are of importance, e. The country also has 50, kilometres 31, miles of waterways.
Coastal shipping links widely separated parts of the country. Bolivia and Paraguay have been given free ports at Santos. The Brazilian public health system, the Unified Health System SUS , is managed and provided by all levels of government,  being the largest system of this type in the world.
In , Brazil had 1. Despite all the progress made since the creation of the universal health care system in , there are still several public health problems in Brazil.
In , the main points to be solved were the high infant 2. The number of deaths from noncommunicable diseases, such as cardiovascular diseases Finally, external but preventable factors such as car accidents, violence and suicide caused The Federal Constitution and the Law of Guidelines and Bases of National Education determine that the Union , the states , the Federal District , and the municipalities must manage and organize their respective education systems.
Each of these public educational systems is responsible for its own maintenance, which manages funds as well as the mechanisms and funding sources.
According to the IBGE , in , the literacy rate of the population was Higher education starts with undergraduate or sequential courses , which may offer different options of specialization in academic or professional careers.
Depending on the choice, students can improve their educational background with courses of post-graduate studies or broad sense. Attending an institution of higher education is required by Law of Guidelines and Bases of Education.
Kindergarten , elementary and medium educations are required of all students, provided the student does not hold any disability, whether physical, mental , visual or hearing.
Of the top 20 Latin Americans universities, eight are Brazilian. Most of them are public. The Brazilian press had its beginnings in with the arrival of the Portuguese royal family to Brazil, hitherto forbidden any activity of the press — was the publication of newspapers or books.
The Gazeta do Rio de Janeiro , the first newspaper published in the country, began to circulate on 10 September Radio broadcasting began on 7 September , with a speech by then President Pessoa, and was formalized on 20 April with the creation of "Radio Society of Rio de Janeiro.
The first census in Brazil was carried out in and recorded a population of 9,, In the s the annual population growth rate was 2. In , the illiteracy rate was It was highest In , the National Indian Foundation estimated that Brazil has 67 different uncontacted tribes, up from their estimate of 40 in Brazil is believed to have the largest number of uncontacted peoples in the world.
Race and ethnicity in Brazil   . Brazilian society is more markedly divided by social class lines , although a high income disparity is found between race groups , so racism and classism can be conflated.
Socially significant closeness to one racial group is taken in account more in the basis of appearance phenotypes rather than ancestry, to the extent that full siblings can pertain to different "racial" groups.
The brown population officially called pardo in Portuguese, also colloquially moreno   is a broad category that includes caboclos assimilated Amerindians in general, and descendants of Whites and Natives , mulatos descendants of primarily Whites and Afro-Brazilians and cafuzos descendants of Afro-Brazilians and Natives.
About five million people from over 60 countries migrated to Brazil between and , most of them of Portuguese , Italian , Spanish , German , Ukrainian , Polish , Jewish , Russian , Chinese , Japanese , and Arab origin.
Religion in Brazil was formed from the meeting of the Catholic Church with the religious traditions of enslaved African peoples and indigenous peoples.
Other Protestant branches with a notable presence in the country include the Baptists , Seventh-day Adventists , Lutherans and the Reformed tradition.
However, in the last ten years Protestantism, particularly in forms of Pentecostalism and Evangelicalism, has spread in Brazil, while the proportion of Catholics has dropped significantly.
The official language of Brazil is Portuguese  Article 13 of the Constitution of the Federal Republic of Brazil , which almost all of the population speaks and is virtually the only language used in newspapers, radio, television, and for business and administrative purposes.
Brazil is the only Portuguese-speaking nation in the Americas, making the language an important part of Brazilian national identity and giving it a national culture distinct from those of its Spanish-speaking neighbors.
Brazilian Portuguese has had its own development, mostly similar to 16th-century Central and Southern dialects of European Portuguese  despite a very substantial number of Portuguese colonial settlers, and more recent immigrants , coming from Northern regions , and in minor degree Portuguese Macaronesia , with a few influences from the Amerindian and African languages , especially West African and Bantu restricted to the vocabulary only.
These differences are comparable to those between American and British English. In , the Community of Portuguese Language Countries CPLP , which included representatives from all countries with Portuguese as the official language, reached an agreement on the reform of the Portuguese orthography to unify the two standards then in use by Brazil on one side and the remaining lusophone countries on the other.
This spelling reform went into effect in Brazil on 1 January In Portugal, the reform was signed into law by the President on 21 July allowing for a 6-year adaptation period, during which both orthographies will co-exist.
The remaining CPLP countries are free to establish their own transition timetables. The sign language law legally recognized in ,  the law was regulated in  the use of the Brazilian Sign Language , more commonly known by its Portuguese acronym LIBRAS, in education and government services.
The language must be taught as a part of the education and speech and language pathology curricula. Schools and health services must provide access " inclusion " to deaf people.
Minority languages are spoken throughout the nation. One hundred and eighty Amerindian languages are spoken in remote areas and a significant number of other languages are spoken by immigrants and their descendants.
Brazil is the first country in South America to offer Esperanto to secondary students. The core culture of Brazil is derived from Portuguese culture , because of its strong colonial ties with the Portuguese Empire.
The culture was, however, also strongly influenced by African , indigenous and non-Portuguese European cultures and traditions.
Brazilian art has developed since the 16th century into different styles that range from Baroque the dominant style in Brazil until the early 19th century   to Romanticism , Modernism , Expressionism , Cubism , Surrealism and Abstractionism.
Brazilian cinema dates back to the birth of the medium in the late 19th century and has gained a new level of international acclaim since the s.
The architecture of Brazil is influenced by Europe, especially Portugal. It has a history that goes back years to the time when Pedro Cabral discovered Brazil in Portuguese colonial architecture was the first wave of architecture to go to Brazil.
Then in the 20th century especially in Brasilia, Brazil experimented with Modernist architecture. The colonial architecture of Brazil dates to the early 16th century when Brazil was first explored, conquered and settled by the Portuguese.
The Portuguese built architecture familiar to them in Europe in their aim to colonise Brazil. They built Portuguese colonial architecture which included Churches, civic architecture including houses and forts in Brazilian cities and the countryside.
During 19th Century Brazilian architecture saw the introduction of more European styles to Brazil such as Neoclassical and Gothic Revival architecture.
This was usually mixed with Brazilian influences from their own heritage which produced a unique form of Brazilian architecture.
In the s the modernist architecture was introduced when Brasilia was built as new federal capital in the interior of Brazil to help develop the interior.
The architect Oscar Niemeyer idealized and built Government buildings, Churches and civic buildings was constructed in the modernist style. The music of Brazil was formed mainly from the fusion of European and African elements.
Popular music since the late eighteenth century began to show signs of forming a characteristically Brazilian sound, with samba considered the most typical and on the UNESCO cultural heritage list.
Choro is a very popular music instrumental style. Its origins are in 19th-century Rio de Janeiro. In spite of the name, the style often has a fast and happy rhythm, characterized by virtuosity, improvisation, subtle modulations and full of syncopation and counterpoint.
Alencar, in his long career, also treated indigenous people as heroes in the Indigenist novels O Guarani , Iracema and Ubirajara. This has created a national cuisine marked by the preservation of regional differences.
A typical meal consists mostly of rice and beans with beef , salad , french fries and a fried egg. Fried potatoes, fried cassava, fried banana, fried meat and fried cheese are very often eaten in lunch and served in most typical restaurants.
Brazil has a variety of desserts such as brigadeiros chocolate fudge balls , bolo de rolo roll cake with goiabada , cocada a coconut sweet , beijinhos coconut truffles and clove and romeu e julieta cheese with goiabada.
While there were national film productions during the early 20th century, American films such as Rio the Magnificent were made in Rio de Janeiro to promote tourism in the city.
The theatre in Brazil has its origins in the period of Jesuit expansion when theater was used for the dissemination of Catholic doctrine in the 16th century.
Always in this period the comedy of costume and comic production was imposed. At the end of the 19th century orchestrated dramaturgias became very popular and were accompanied with songs of famous artists like the conductress Chiquinha Gonzaga.
From the s it was attended by a theater dedicated to social and religious issues and to the flourishing of schools of dramatic art. The most prominent authors at this stage were Jorge Andrade and Ariano Suassuna.
Brazilian painting emerged in the late 16th century,  influenced by Baroque , Rococo , Neoclassicism , Romanticism , Realism , Modernism , Expressionism , Surrealism , Cubism and Abstracionism making it a major art style called Brazilian academic art.
Upon the creation of the Imperial Academy of Fine Arts , new artistic movements spread across the country during the 19th century and later the event called Week of Modern Art broke definitely with academic tradition in and started a nationalist trend which was influenced by modernist arts.
The most popular sport in Brazil is football. Volleyball , basketball , auto racing , and martial arts also attract large audiences.
In auto racing, three Brazilian drivers have won the Formula One world championship eight times. Some sport variations have their origins in Brazil: At the event, the Brazil national basketball team won one of its two world championship titles.
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Federal republic in South America. This article is about the country. For other uses, see Brazil disambiguation.
History of Brazil and Timeline of Brazilian history. United Kingdom of Portugal, Brazil and the Algarves. Independence of Brazil and Empire of Brazil.
Military dictatorship in Brazil and History of Brazil since M41s along the Avenida Presidente Vargas during the military government.
The Amazon rainforest , the most biodiverse rainforest in the world. Brazilian Army Astros Foreign relations of Brazil. Law enforcement in Brazil and Crime in Brazil.
States of Brazil and Municipalities of Brazil. Rio Grande do Norte. Mato Grosso do Sul. Rio Grande do Sul. Rice plantation in Rio do Sul , Santa Catarina.
Brazil is the second largest agricultural exporter in the world. The KC , developed by Embraer , the third largest producer of civil aircraft in the world.
P, an oil platform of Petrobras. Bonito , Mato Grosso do Sul. The rivers in the region are known for their crystal clear waters. The city of Rio de Janeiro is featured in tourism in Brazil.
The Garganta do Diabo Walkway allow panoramic view of the falls from the Brazilian side. Science and technology in Brazil.
Port of Santos , the busiest port in Latin America. Demographics of Brazil and Brazilians. Immigration to Brazil and List of Brazilian states by population density.
Race and ethnicity in Brazil. Catholic Church in Brazil and Protestantism in Brazil. The Christ the Redeemer statue in Rio de Janeiro is one of the most famous religious statues worldwide  .
List of largest cities in Brazil and Municipalities of Brazil. Largest urban agglomerations in Brazil Brazilian Institute of Geography and Statistics estimates   .
The Cathedral of Brasilia , an example of Modern architecture. Heitor Villa-Lobos , the most widely known South American composer. Machado de Assis , poet and novelist, founder of the Brazilian Academy of Letters.
Carlos Drummond de Andrade , considered by some as the greatest Brazilian poet. List of Brazilian dishes. Brigadeiro is a national candy and one most and is recognized as one of the main dishes of the Brazilian cuisine.
Festival de Gramado , the biggest film festival in the country. Interior of the Teatro Amazonas , in Manaus. Players with the first Olympic Gold of the Brazil national football team , won in the Summer Olympics.
Football is the most popular sport in the country. Ayrton Senna , who won three Formula One world championships for McLaren in , and , is widely regarded as one of the greatest Formula One drivers of all time.
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Motorvejene er ofte betalingsveje. Jernbanenettet i Brasilien omfatter En af anledningerne til, at jernbanenettet ikke er blevet udbygget, er, at Brasilien har en stor lastbilsindustri.
For at fremme lastbilsindustrien her politiske beslutninger blevet taget til fordel for at udbygge veje frem for jernbaner. Involverede i projektet er eksempelvis Siemens og Alstom samt flere japanske og sydkoreanske konsortier.
Allerede i kom signaler om, at projektet kunne starte. Oscar Niemeyer er en internationalt anerkendt arkitekt. I blev VM afholdt i Brasilien.
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Ordem e Progresso portugisisk dansk: Hino Nacional Brasileiro dansk: Nationalt segl Selo Nacional do Brasil Brasiliens nationale segl. Arkiveret fra originalen United Nations Development Programme.
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Between Compliance and Conflict: Center for International Affairs: Amazon World Wide Fund for Nature.Auch eine Rentenreform wurde gegen Protest aus den eigenen Reihen wolfsburg stürmer. Juli mit Daten der FAO. Football is online casino games nevada most popular sport in the country. Encyclopedia of international media and communications. BonitoMato Grosso do Sul. Ayrton Sennawho won three Formula Uk casino 10 free world championships for McLaren inandis widely regarded as one of the greatest Formula One drivers of all time. Brasilien har den gamle kampsport brasilien europasom udvikledes af brasilianske slaver i tallet. Primeira corte do mundo no YouTube. I andre projekter Wikimedia Commons. Inthe illiteracy rate free casino slot game book of ra Brazil, —" Palgravepp.